Organizational Slack refers to the cushion of resources, which allow a care unit to adapt successfully to internal pressures or changes or adapt to external pressures or changes. Organization slack has three components (or concepts):
- Staffing (availability of adequate staffing levels to provide resident care; 3 items);
- Space (availability and use of adequate space to provide resident care and share best practice knowledge; 3 items);
- Time (availability of time to provide resident care and share best practice knowledge; 4 items).
A variety of scoring methods are used to obtain final scores for each of the three organizational slack components. Higher scores reflect a more positive perception of staffing levels, the availability and use of adequate space, and the availability and use of time on the care unit to carry out resident care and share knowledge.